Hi Ladies I missed the last entry, so I am doubling up today. Two meetings ago we talked about
Spiritual History including God's point of view. Kreefts idea is two rivers emerging from a swamp, joining, parting again, and reentering the swamp. The steps along the way in this story are the ten key periods of our spiritual history. They are 1. Myth (Myth may sound truthful but it is not) D o we believe in false things? Have we ever believed something and then next year we find out it is not true? 2. Self Consciousness (In this period human consciousness all over the world began turning, as if it were on its axis and facing itself. It was either a coincidence or a plot, either chance or divine providence. The more we look the less it looks like chance.) 3. Hellenism-Greek Spirit (Which includes both Greek and Roman Cultural Spirit. The kind of truth these thinking, talking, and searching Greeks thought, talked and searched the most about was the truth about Virtue) 4. Hebraism-Hebrew and Christian perspective-Sin and Faith (The categories of relationship with God. For the Greek Head judges Heart and for the Jews Heart judges Head) 5. The medieval Christian synthesis or a profound Christian reinterpretation of Greek philosophy and Greek morality. (It was not like gluing a rabbit onto a carrot but like a rabbits eating and digesting a carrot.) 6/7. Renaissance and the Reformation (These two forces separated the strands of the rope that the Middle Ages tied together. We no longer live in the Middle Ages, mainly because of the Renaissance and the Reformation). 8. Enlightenment (Scientism and rationalism replaced faith; the human heart narrowed and hardened in conformity with its own gods, the inventions of its own hands.) 9. romanticism (Was the reaction against Enlightenment rationalism, the reaction of the heart against head. romanticism's heart was a trimmed-down and secularized heart. It was sentiment instead of will and its relationship to the nature of God) 10. The present-postmodern (We do not know what that means. We either return or go on for destruction. Our diagnosis gives us reason the hope, the Four Cardinal Virtues. On a supernatural level there is also hope because there too is a home from which we came, PARADISE!)
Last time we talked about the Four Cardinal Virtues; Justice, Wisdom (prudence), courage (fortitude), and moderation (self control, temperance). The root of these virtues come from the Latin word for "hinge" All other virtues hinge on these four. That includes lesser and greater virtues. Kreeft taught an ethics course at Boston College back in the 60's to freshman who were idealistic. They were eager to save the world and design a new society. His assigned reading list came from Plato, Aristotle, Augustine and Aquinas. They protested and asked if they could design their own course. He said he would play Socrates and they would design a new society. He asked them 1. What Values are they going to have? 2. What does society need? 3. What qualities must the leaders have? 4. Do we value heroism? 5. Is greed a virtue? After going through all these questions the students did finally read and understood the value of the old philosophers and their philosophy. They discovered that the Four Cardinal Virtues are relevant to man in every age. They fit our nature and our nature's needs. He went into detail how there are many misunderstandings about the cardinal virtues.